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In a period when the number of forcibly displaced people exceeds 100 million, conflicts and wars are not over, rights violations against migrants and refugees are expanding, anti-migration hate speeches are increasing, and security perspectives such as Fortress Europe – Fortress Anatolia are dominated, this book offers an alternative perspective on the phenomenon of migration with examples from the Eurasian region, encompassing the scholarly contributions of researchers spanning from Belarus to Pakistan, Turkey, Iran, and Georgia.

By taking a multidisciplinary approach to the phenomenon of migration from economic, social, political and legal perspectives, the book aims to contribute to migration studies, in addition to the theoretical chapters on economics, civil society, security, nation-state policies and migration politics, the readers will find chapters related from the field such as position of Afghan immigrants in Iran and Turkey; economic, social and cultural environment of Syrians in Turkey; security policies of the European Union; identity crisis caused by refugees in Hungary and Germany; internal migration in Georgia; the situation of Afghan immigrants in Pakistan, and migration industry.

By presenting important theoretical and field studies on migration, which has affected and continues to affect the world from past to present, this book emerges as an indispensable wellspring of knowledge for anyone interested in migration studies.

Preface -
Notes on the Political Power of People on the Move and Data-Driven Policymaking
Emre Eren Korkmaz

Human Stock and Economy
1 Introduction to Migration Studies
Apak Kerem Altıntop, Merve Hazer Yiğit Uyar

2 “We were Born as Labourers, and We will Die as Labourers”:
Afghan Migrant Precarity in Iran and Turkiye
Abu Fakhri

3 Economic, Social and Environmental Triple Bottom Line of Sustainability Based Migration
Saliha Karadayı Usta

4 The Rise of the Migration Industry: The Example of Border Management Systems in Turkiye
Dila Algan Tezcan

5 Economic Challenges of Syrians in Turkiye
Aslı Topsoy

Civil Society and Security
 6 How Group Identities Influence the Views About Assistance to New Immigrants? A Study on The Opinions of the Turkish Origins in Germany About the Assistance to Syrian Immigrants
Sezen Ceceli Köse

7 Securitization of Migration in the European Union: Frontex and Refugees
Veli Özdemir

8 Discursive Divergences of the European Identity Construction between Hungary and Germany during the European Refugee Crisis of 2015
Melek Aylin Özoflu

9 Ethnic Conflict and Internal Displacement: Georgia
Indira Phutkaradze

10 Relations Between the State and Civil Society Organizations in Turkiye’s Response to Syrian Refugees: Case of STL and IHH
Pelin Gül

11 Migration and Assimilation Challenges: A Case Study of the Partition Refugees and Afghan Refugees in Pakistan
Sadia Khanum

Migration Politics and Policies
265 12 International Migration in The World of Nation-States: Implications, Challenges, and Policy Responses
Yury Katliarou

13 Politicization of Syrian Refugee Crisis by Far-Right Parties in Turkiye: Victory Party and Nationalist Movement Party
M. İnanç Özekmekçi, Alper Çakmak

14 Anti-immigration Disinformation Campaigns in Turkiye: Actors and Their Purposes
Şaban Çaytaş, Birnur Eyolcu Kafalı

15 Is the EU a Normative Power? Criticism of the EU-Turkey Statement
Efe Can Müderrisoğlu, Mahsum Ökmen

16 Naturalization Policies of Turkiye from a Historical Perspective
Elçin İstif İnci

17 Reflection of International Protection and Temporary Protection Regimes on Turkish Law
Busegül Artan